Package 2+ of the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program proposes increasing taxes on tobacco, alcohol, and e-cigarette products to fund universal health care (UHC) and to reduce the incidence of risks associated with the consumption of “sin” products.
Proposed tobacco and alcohol taxation:
- Ensure financial sustainability for health expenditure programs under the Universal Health Care (UHC) law with the following targets:
- Create fair and efficient funding sources for the sustainable financing of universal Philhealth coverage
- Provide adequate outpatient check-ups and medicine
- Discourage excessive alcohol and tobacco consumption for better health and social outcomes, especially among the youth and poor
- Ensure a world-class workforce by reducing the productivity and health risks associated with sin products
On 04 June 2019, the Senate of the Philippines approved with a 21-0 unanimous affirmative vote the proposal to increase tobacco excise tax rates effective 01 January 2020. The House of Representatives adopted the Senate version on the same day.
Alcohol and e-cigarettes
Congress ratified the bill increasing excise taxes on alcohol, vapes, and e-cigarettes on 18 December 2019. The President is expected to sign the bill by January.
On tobacco products
Increases the excise tax on cigarettes by PHP 10.0 effective 2020
Imposes an excise tax on heated tobacco products (HTPs)
Imposes an excise tax on vapor products with the following schedule:
Excise tax on vapor products (in PHP)Introduces a cap on local government share from tobacco excise collections:
- Virginia tobacco producing provinces shall be allotted their share from the total excise tax collections not exceeding PHP 17.0 billion, notwithstanding the provision of RA 7171 on the uses of the funds, and
- Burley and native tobacco producing provinces shall be allotted an amount equivalent to 5% of the revenue collected from the excise tax collections, not exceeding PHP 4.0 billion or 5 percent of the total excise tax collection on tobacco, whichever is lower.
Estimated incremental revenues of tobacco excise tax under the Congress-approved bill for Universal Health Care (UHC) Law:
Estimated revenues (in PHP billion)Totals may not add up due to rounding.
The Congress-approved bill defines HTPs and vapor products as the following:
- HTPs are tobacco products that may be consumed through heating tobacco, either electrically or through other means, sufficiently to release an aerosol that can be inhaled, without burning or any combustion of the tobacco. HTPs include liquid solutions and gels that are part of the product and are heated to generate aerosol.
- Vapor products, on the other hand, are liquid solutions or gels that contains nicotine, which transforms into an aerosol without combustion through the employment of a mechanical heating element, battery, or circuit that can be used to heat such solutions or gels, and includes but is not limited to a cartridge, a tank, and the device without a cartridge or tank. It is commonly known as e-liquids for e-cigarettes. It also includes electronic nicotine and non-nicotine delivery systems (ENDS/ENNDS), which are combinations of non-tobacco containing e-liquids or refills which can contain up to 65 milligrams per milliliter of nicotine in the e-liquid or refill and an electronic delivery device to produce an aerosol, mist or vapor that users inhale by mimicking the act of smoking.
The Congress-approved bill also specifies that excise tax collections from existing laws, such as the tobacco and alcohol products under the Sin Tax Law of 2012, and excise tax collections from sweetened beverages and tobacco products under Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) shall continue to form part of the funding sources for the annual budget for UHC.
The Congress-approved bill also requires that all packets and any outside wrapping of cigarettes, HTPs, vapor products, and similar products carry a health warning compliant with the Graphic Health Warning (GHW) Law or RA 10643.
Lastly, the Congress-approved bill imposes penalties such as fines and imprisonment on the following:
- Selling of tobacco products below the combined excise and VAT;
- Non-compliance with GHW Law;
- Unlawful possession of cigarette paper in bobbins or rolls;
- Unlawful possession of articles subject to tax without payment of the tax; and
- Use of fake stamps and reusing of previously affixed stamps.
On alcohol products
For fermented liquor (e.g. beer), increase unitary excise tax to P40 per liter effective 2019. An additional P5 per liter shall be imposed from 2020 to 2022 then a 10% increase every year thereafter.
For distilled spirits (e.g. gin, brandy, vodka, whiskey, rum, and tequila) increase the specific excise tax rate to P40 per proof liter effective 2019, followed by an additional P5 per proof liter from 2020 to 2022. From 2023 onwards, it will be an additional 10%. For the ad valorem rate it is proposed at 25% from 2019 onwards.
For wines, increase the specific tax rate by 10% every year thereafter starting 2019.
|Excise tax on HTPs (in PHP, per pack of 20)|
|Volume (in ml)||2020||2021 onwards|
|0.00 to 10.00||10.0||5% indexation|
|10.01 to 20.00||20.0|
|20.01 to 30.00||30.0|
|30.01 to 40.00||40.0|
|40.01 to 50.00||50.0|
|More than 50.00||50.0 +
10.0 for every additional 10.00 ml
CTRP Package 2+: Sin Taxes for Universal Health Care 1-page briefer Download File
Date Posted: August 1, 2019